Images from Herodias Long's Life
John Ayshford's will suggests that Herodias
Long may have come from the Burlescombe,
Devonshire region.  Here are some images from
the Burlescombe area:
This link will take you to several
photos from the interior of St.
Mary's Church in Burlescombe
After the death of her father, Herodias was sent
to London by her mother.  This panorama of
London was painted in 1616, a couple of
decades before Herod's arrival (below).
St. Paul's Cathedral appears at center
left, London Bridge crosses the River
Thames at center right, and the Tower
of London is at the right.
Central London today (right) is a far
different place than Herodias knew.  
Above is a map of London in 1653.
Boston has also changed much since Herod's day, as this
map from "New England Ancestors" magazine (above right)
shows in comparison with today's aerial photo (left).
Lord Henry Vane had just
been deposed as
Massachusetts' youngest
governor when Herod and
John Hicks arrived in 1637
Vane was replaced by
John Winthrop, the
Puritan colony's main
leader since 1630
Anne Hutchinson's religious views were
declared heresy by the Puritans.  Her
followers' increasing pressure on the
Puritan government, led to the banishment
of many, including Anne Hutchinson and
her family (above and below).
John Hicks was granted land at Weymouth,
Massachusetts.  The Hickses' land was
later owned by James Nash, and appears
on this map where "Nash" is entered on
the right side. Weymouth town lay on the
waterfront at Westerneck
This statue of Lord Henry
Vane stands in the
Boston Public Library
In 1638 Anne Hutchinson and
some of her supporters were
banished from
Massachusetts.  Many others
followed her into exile in
Rhode Island.  In 1638 the
new town of Pocasset - now
Portsmouth - formed a
government, led by William
Coddington.  The settlers
signed the Portsmouth
Compact (below).  Look for
the signatures of Coddington,
William Dyer, and John Porter
Herod and John Hicks
moved to Rhode
Island in 1640.  The
couple settled in
Newport, on the
southern end of
Aquidneck Island.  
William Coddington
led a group of settlers
from Portsmouth,
which included Mary
and William Dyer, to
settle at Newport  
earlier that year
This portrait is said to be that of
Governor William Coddington.  From the
style of hair and dress, it probably
represents Coddington's grandson
An aerial view of Newport today
(left).  The Hickses and George
Gardner probably lived on the
southeast side of the harbor
Millionaires' "cottages"
in modern Newport
Two views of Newport Harbor.  To
the right, the Baptist Church stands
on the hillside above the harbor.  In
the photo below, Goat Island lies
just offshore, and Jamestown Island
stretches from south to north.  The
western edge of Narragansett Bay
lies on the horizon
Roger Williams (right) was the first
English settler in Providence, Rhode
Island in 1636.  He bought land from
the Native Americans then, and in
1638 he helped William Coddington
in his purchase of Aquidneck Island.  
This portrait of Ninigret (below)
depicts the prominent Indian sachem,
though his actual appearance, like
that of Roger Williams, William
Coddington, Mary Dyer, and Anne
Hutchinson, are unknown
In 1644 John and Herod Hicks were separated.  Above
is William Coddington's account of that separation.  At
right is an excerpt from a letter written by John Hicks,
saying that he wanted no more to do with Herod
Dr. John Clarke
(above), physician and
founder of the Baptist
Church in Newport
George Fox (right) was the founder of
the Society of Friends - often called
Quakers - in England in the late
1640s.  In 1651 Mary Dyer returned to
England, and she soon became a
Quaker minister.  The first Quakers to
come to Boston in 1656 were jailed,
and Massachusetts enacted
increasingly severe laws banning
them.  In 1657 Mary Dyer was also
jailed in Boston as a Quaker.  She
brought her new faith to Newport,
where Herod Gardner listened eagerly
In May 1658 Herod Gardner walked 60 miles to Weymouth, Massachusetts, carrying
her infant daughter.  There, she spoke out against the Puritans' abuse of Quakers.  
She may have hoped that Weymouth's citizens would demand that the cruelties be
ended.  Instead, Herod was taken to Boston, where Governor John Endecott (below
right) ordered her to be  whipped and jailed.  In 1659, "New England's Ensigne"
(below) described the Quakers' trials, and included an account of Herod's whipping
Mary Dyer went to Boston twice in 1659 to visit jailed Quakers.  She, too, was jailed,
banished from Massachusetts, and informed that if she returned to the colony, she
would be hanged.   She challenged the Puritans' cruel laws by returning to Boston in
1659. This time, she watched Marmaduke Stevenson and William Robinson hang for
defying their banishment.  Then Mary had the noose tightened around her neck
before being reprieved.

In 1660 Mary Dyer tested the Puritans' resolve by entering Massachusetts once
more.  This time there was no reprieve, and on June 1, 1660 Mary Dyer was
hanged.  The paintings above depict Mary's trip to the gallows.  I prefer the version
on the right.  Surely Mary would have held her head high, believing that she would
soon enter the Kingdom of Heaven.  When King Charles II heard that a woman had
been executed, he ordered that the hangings cease.  The Puritans freed their
imprisoned Quakers, though the harsh punishments continued for a few more years
Boston's new town house (above)
was built in 1657.  Herod Gardner
was tried and whipped here in 1658
- note the man receiving the same
punishment.  Mary Dyer would also
have been tried here
Beginning in 1658, John Porter, with 4 partners, began
buying land on the west side of Narragansett Bay from the
Narragansett Indians.  This was known as the
Pettequamscutt Purchase.  Soon there were 7 partners,
who owned a huge chunk of Rhode Island (right)

Porter reserved a fertile strip of land along the
Pettequamscutt River for himself (below)
In May 1665 Herod was separated from George
Gardner. She, Benoni, and George Gardner Jr. had
already received large plots of Pettequamscutt land
in November 1664.  By 1671 Henry, William, and
Nicholas Gardner had joined their mother, brothers,
and sisters on the west side of the bay
The map below shows the home lots of Herod's Gardner children
in 1705, arrayed along the west bank of the Pettequamscutt
River (north is on the left side of the map). From left to right -
Nicholas, William, Henry, "Benoney," John Watson (married to
Dorcas Gardner and later, to her sister, Rebecca) and George.  
A seventh plot on the far right was divided into six strips.  It is
likely that Herodias (Long) Hicks Gardner Porter died in 1705,
and the lot where she dwelt with John Porter was passed down to
Benoni.  To the left is a photograph of the Pettequamscutt River,
taken from the Gardners' land
John Porter died sometime after December 1674.  
Herod's Gardner children inherited Porter's share of the
Pettequamscutt Purchase (below - the map is oriented
with north on the right side).  The blank areas had
already been assigned or sold when the map was
drawn in 1724.  At this time, the remaining Purchase
was divided among the Purchasers, with Henry Gardner
representing his siblings.  Henry's name is circled in
several spots on the map.
Metacom/Metacomet, known to New England's residents
as King Philip (left), was the leader of the Wampanoag
Indians.  In 1675 Philip led the Wampanoags and
Narragansetts in King Philip's War, a futile attempt to
drive encroaching settlers from their land.  In December
1675 the Narragansetts' main village was destroyed in
the Great Swamp Fight (below).  The war ended when
Metacom was killed in August 1676
Peace brought prosperity.  
Washington County, as the
Narragansett region was
eventually named, was known
as the home of well-to-do
gentleman farmers  John
Alden's home, while not in
Rhode Island, would have been
similar to the Gardners' homes
inside.  The smaller
"stone-ender" to the right was
typical for the area
Hannah (Gardner)
MacSparran was Benoni
Gardner's
granddaughter, and
Herodias and George's
great-granddaughter.  
She was married to the
Reverend James
MacSparran (right).
Devonshire, England
London 1616
London 1653
Modern London
Boston 1645
modern Boston
Henry Vane
John Winthrop
Anne Hutchinson
17th century Weymouth, MA
Portsmouth compact
Newport, Rhode Island
Roger Williams
William Coddington
Dr. John Clarke
Ninigret
William Coddington's home
William Coddington's
tombstone
George Fox
Harwood and John Hicks separation
John Hicks letter
Boston town house 1657
New England's Ensign
John Endecott
Mary Dyer statue
Mary Dyer's hanging
Pettequamscutt, Rhode Island
17th century Rhode Island
Pettequamscutt River
Gardner & Watson homes 1705
Pettequamscutt Purchase 1724
King Philip's War
King Philip/Metacomet
Great Swamp Fight
John Alden home
17th century Rhode
Island home
Herodias would have
been familiar with this
structure, which still
stands in Newport.  
Though it is rumored to
have been built as a
fortress by the Vikings, it
is the foundation for a
wind-powered grist mill
which belonged to Gov.
Benedict Arnold
Newport windmill
Hannah (Gardner)
MacSparran
Rev. James
MacSparran
To the right is a map of
Washington county in the 1800s.  
The Pettaquamscutt River and
Pettaquamscutt Rock are at far
right.  The Great Swamp is on the
left, above Worden's Pond
St. Mary's Church